What is Neurofeedback?

Neurofeedback, also referred to as EEG Biofeedback, is a direct training of the brain through which the brain learns to function with greater control, stability, and flexibility.

For the past 40 years, it has been known that brain waves could be shaped or reconditioned to alternate brainwave patterns. Typically, we have the sense that we can not influence brainwave patterns ourselves, because we are not aware of them. Neurofeedback provides this awareness through real time audio/visual feedback. Computer animation reflects the brainwave activity in a format accessible to both client and therapist. Neurofeedback is also referred to as EEG Biofeedback, because it is based on electrical brain activity—the electroencephalogram—or EEG.

How is neurofeedback done?

Small sensors are applied to the scalp to record the natural brainwave activity. The signal (EEG) is processed through a computer program which allows key brainwave frequencies to be extracted. The ebb and flow of this activity is shown to the client via “video games” or interactive audio/visual representations.

Some brainwave frequencies are encouraged via reward while others are inhibited. The client is effectively playing the game through his or her brainwave patterns. Gradually, brainwave activity is “shaped” toward more desirable, better regulated performance. The brainwave frequencies targeted— and the specific sensor locations where brainwave activity is recorded and trained—are specific to conditions that are being addressed in each client.

Who can benefit?

Individuals of any age can benefit from EEG training. Neurofeedback can help a variety of childhood issues, including attention problems and impulsivity. Neurofeedback may assist adolescents who struggle with anxiety, depression, or sleep disturbance. Neurofeedback helps maintain good brain function as we age. Peak performers also use EEG training to enhance their abilities in sports, business, and the arts.

Neurofeedback addresses problems of brain disregulation including:

  • Attention Deficit Disorders (ADHD/ADD)
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Learning Disorders
  • Sleep Disregulation
  • Behavior Disorders
  • Autism Spectrum

Want to learn more about neurofeedback? Read or download this article (PDF) from the Journal of Neurotherapy or contact us to set up an appointment.